Octavius Catto

The Olympics of Philadelphia, a pioneering club dating back to 1833, also played an interracial contest in 1869, against the Pythians, who were led by African-American infielder and club president Octavius V. Catto; only two years earlier the Pythians had been barred from joining the Pennsylvania State Association of Base Ball Players. In a further feint toward baseball comity before Jim Crow set in, a friendly contest was held in 1870 between two Boston clubs, one white and one black, both named Resolute, the winner to earn the exclusive right to use the name.

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