John T. Brush, 1911

In the fall of 1888 Indianapolis owner John T. Brush proposed a “classification plan” to limit salaries for 1889, which became the spark that ignited the Players’ League of 1890. This plan may have been of Spalding’s authorship. By 1900 Brush and Spalding were no longer on good terms, as Brush, by this time owner of the Cincinnati club, aligned with Giants owner Andrew Freedman in an attempt to render the twelve-team National League into a centrally controlled monopoly. When Brush and Freedman joined forces with John McGraw, the outcome was for Brush to buy out Freedman and control the Giants.

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